Author Guidelines


Samyukta Research Foundation has evolved a uniform style guide to ensure standardization across all the journals published by the Foundation. Authors are expected to prepare the manuscript as per the Samyukta House Style to facilitate a fast and uniform review.

Every manuscript submitted for review must include:

Word Count

We accept original articles adhering to a word limit of 6000 – 8000 words including references.

  • Feature articles should be between 6,000 – 8000 words inclusive of the references.
  • Interviews should be between 3000 – 4000 words
  • The book reviews should be between 1500 – 2000 words
  • Interventions should be between 1500 – 2000 words
  • Title of the article should be concise and indicative of the core idea of the research submitted for review. The different parts of the title must be logically connected.
Author Name and Author Bio
  • Not more than 3 authors can collaborate for an article
  • The initial submission for review should include the following in 3 separate Word files:
    • Manuscript with title, abstract, keywords, end notes (if any), works cited and further reading
    • Title, author’s name, institutional affiliation and author bio
  • Author bio can be within the range of 150 words
  • Author details should not be clubbed with the endnotes
Abstract and Keywords
  • Abstract (not exceeding 200 words) should clearly specify the objective and novelty of the study, methodology, major findings and implications of the study
  • Abstract is positioned right after the title
  • Keywords (max. 6) must be specific, placed right below the abstract. Avoid lengthy phrases.
  • Select keywords from the perspective of Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
 Formatting Style
  • Use only Times New Roman 12 font with double line spacing throughout
  • Manuscripts to be justified
  • Margins to be 1 in/2.5 cm all round.
  • Pagination to be continuous with numbers positioned top right
Within the Article –

Sub-headings – If you are using sub-heading, format them in bold to the left. Begin the paragraph in the next line immediately.  Sub-headings will not have further subdivisions as they are self-explanatory.

Grammar and Syntax
  • Always ensure that your language is reader-friendly, gender-neutral and free of any prejudice.
  • Informal usages are to be avoided unless the article requires that angle of reference.
  • Restrict use of passive voice, dangling modifiers, complex or convoluted sentences to the minimum.
  • Ensure a smooth and logical progression from one paragraph to the other.
  • We recommend authors to seek the help of free soft wares like Grammarly to locate and correct errors regarding the use of English language to ensure the quality of the submission.
  • Italics are used for foreign words and phrases not listed in a standard English-language dictionary. The English translation should be provided in the brackets.
  • Italicize the names of books, plays, poems published as books, pamphlets, periodicals (newspapers, magazines, journals), web sites, online databases, films, television and radio broadcasts, compact discs, audio cassettes, record albums, dance performances, operas and other long musical compositions and works of visual art.
  • Italicize a title regularly indicated by italics when it features within a title enclosed in quotation marks.
Quotation Marks
  • Quotations should be used judiciously in places where it directly explains the idea.
  • All quotes to be embedded within “double” quotation marks in the body of the text in case of shorter quotations. Longer run on quotations (i.e. longer than 45 words) should be indented on both sides, without quotes.
  • Quotation marks must be used for the titles of articles, essays, stories, and poems published as chapters of books, pages in Web sites, individual episodes of television series and radio broadcasts, and short musical compositions like songs.
  • All unpublished works like lectures and speeches must be marked by quotation marks.
Illustrations / Images
  • We can feature 6-8 illustrations / images per article.
  • Illustrations / Images: Figures, Charts, Tables, Photographs, Screenshots, Graphs and Graphics must be titled ‘Figure’ below the visual incorporated.
  • It must be sequentially numbered followed by a simple and concise caption (of not more than 30 words) indicative of the image (for example- Figure 1: Caption) given below the image. The source of the image must be stated below this.
  • All images must be less than half a page in size and using the text wrapping icon be positioned near the content it explains.
  • All digital images must have a resolution of at least 1500 pixels wide or tall or 300 dpi (dots per inch).
  • Save images as TIFF / JPEG files.
  • Do not save your images in the compressed mode.
  • During the review process do embed only low-resolution images to help accelerate the review process faster. The high-resolution images can be embedded once the review process is complete.
Documenting the Source in the Manuscript


  • Acknowledging the source within the manuscript enables easy identification and avoids plagiarism.
  • Give the author’s last name and the page number of the referenced information within parenthesis while quoting or paraphrasing the author’s words or ideas –

Reading is “just half of literacy. The other half is writing” (Baron 194). One might even suggest that reading is never complete without writing

  • Whenever the author’s name appears within the text, then include only the page number in the parenthesis –

According to Naomi Baron, reading is “just half of literacy. The other half is writing” (194). One might even suggest that reading is never complete without writing.

The parenthetical reference will help identify the publication details in the alphabetically arranged works cited list –

Baron, Naomi S. “Redefining Reading: The Impact of Digital Communication Media.” PMLA, vol. 128, no. 1, Jan. 2013, pp. 193- 200.

  • Quotations running up to four lines, requiring no special emphasis should be put in double quotation marks and incorporated into the text.
  • If a sentence ends with a quotation, put the full stop after the reference.
  • If a quotation is very lengthy, set them apart by starting a new line. Insert a space after the concluding punctuation mark of the quotation and put the parenthetical citation –

The forms of writing that accompany reading

can fill various roles. The simplest is to make parts of a text prominent (by underlining, highlighting, or adding asterisks, lines, or squiggles). More reflective responses are notes written in the margins or in an external location—a notebook or a computer file. (Baron 194)

All these forms of writing bear in common the reader’s desire to add to, complete, or even alter the text.

Add a shortened version of the source title.

Reading is “just half of literacy. The other half is writing” (Baron, “Redefining” 194).

  • Whenever a quotation is condensed (omitting a word, phrase, sentence or even segment of a paragraph or page, use ellipsis, or three spaced periods with a space before and after the last, to specify that that quotation is not an exact reproduction of the original.

More reflective responses are notes written in the margins … a computer file.

Film Titles
  • While citing films for the first time, provide the director’s first and last name together with the year of release within closed brackets, Superman Returns(Brian Singer, 2006).
  • In case of films in other languages, the original title should be transliterated and written first. For films released in English, the translated title should be italicized, followed by the director’s first and last name together with the year of release in parentheses Les quatre cents coups (The 400 Blows, Francois Truffaut, 1959).
  • If the film has not been released in English, the translated title should not be italicized but formatted in sentence case: g., Ithu Kathirvelan Kadhal (This is Kathirvelan’s love, S. R. Prabharkaran, 2014). Thereafter, refer to the film by its original title.
  • All notes are to be formatted as Endnotes only. Footnotes are not permitted.
  • Always try and incorporate the explanatory notes within the body of the text.
  • Situations which demand explanatory notes separately must be placed onto the left or right margins outside of the text. The citation details must be included in the references at the end of the article.
  • Endnotes can be compiled at the end of the article using the Word ‘Footnote’ option.
Works Cited and Further Reading
  • Separate lists of Works Cited and Further Reading should be provided at the end of the article.
  • We follow the MLA 8th edition style guide for Bibliographical referencing and formatting the article.
  • The author source must be identified for all references be it books, articles, reports, projects etc.
  • Each MLA-style reference should be fully sourced in a list of ‘Works Cited’ at the end of the text. Publications not mentioned in the text should not be included in this list, though they may be included under a separate ‘Further reading’ list.
Books by a single author

Last name, First name. Title of Book. Publisher, Year of Publication.

Jacobs, Alan. The Pleasures of Reading in an Age of Distraction. Oxford UP, 2011.

Book with a subtitle

Include the subtitle after the title

Joyce, Michael. Othermindedness: The Emergence of Network Culture. U of Michigan P, 2000.

Two or more books by the same author

To cite two or more works by the same author, give the name in the first entry only. In the following entries, place three hyphens in place of the name.

Borroff, Marie. Language and the Poet: Verbal Artistry in Frost, Stevens, and Moore. U of Chicago P, 1979.

—, translator. Pearl: A New Verse Translation. W. W. Norton, 1977.
—, editor. Wallace Stevens: A Collection of Critical Essays. Prentice-Hall, 1963.

Book by two authors

List the names in the order in which they are presented on the title page. Reverse the name of the first author alone, add a comma, and give the other names in the normal form.

Dorris, Michael, and Louise Erdrich. The Crown of Columbus. HarperCollins Publishers, 1999.

Books by three or more authors

Reverse the first name as described above, follow it with a comma and et al. (“and others”).

Burdick, Anne, et al. Digital_Humanities. MIT P, 2012.

Book without an author

Leave the author’s name and begin the entry with the book title

Beowulf. Translated by Alan Sullivan and Timothy Murphy, edited by Sarah Anderson, Pearson, 2004.

Editions of a book

Newcomb, Horace, editor. Television: The Critical View. 7th ed., Oxford UP, 2007

A volume from a multivolume

Rampersad, Arnold. The Life of Langston Hughes. 2nd ed., vol. 2, Oxford UP, 2002.

Wellek, René. A History of Modern Criticism, 1750-1950. Vol. 5, Yale UP, 1986.

An edited anthology

If the source is an edited anthology of essays then the name is followed by a descriptive label.

Nunberg, Geoffrey, editor. The Future of the Book. U of California P, 1996.

Holland, Merlin, and Rupert Hart-Davis, editors. The Complete Letters of Oscar Wilde. Henry Holt, 2000.

Baron, Sabrina Alcorn, et al., editors. Agent of Change: Print Culture Studies after Elizabeth L. Eisenstein. U of Massachusetts P / Center for the Book, Library of Congress, 2007.

Book with both an author and an editor

Howells, W. D. Their Wedding Journey. Edited by John K. Reeves, Indiana UP, 1968.

Work in an anthology

Title of the work (an essay / short story / poem) in an anthology is put within quotation marks

Dewar, James A., and Peng Hwa Ang. “The Cultural Consequences of Printing and the Internet.” Agent of Change: Print Culture Studies after Elizabeth L. Eisenstein, edited by Sabrina Alcorn Baron et al., U of Massachusetts P, 2007, pp. 365-77.

Article in a journal or periodical

Title of a periodical /journal /magazine /newspaper is put in italics while the title of the article is placed within quotation marks, followed by the volume number, issue number, year and pages.

Goldman, Anne. “Questions of Transport: Reading Primo Levi Reading Dante.” The Georgia Review, vol. 64, no. 1, 2010, pp. 69-88.

Baron, Naomi S. “Redefining Reading: The Impact of Digital Communication Media.” PMLA, vol. 128, no. 1, Jan. 2013, pp. 193- 200.


A translated work by an author

Dostoevsky, Feodor. Crime and Punishment. Translated by Richard Pevear, and Larissa Volokhonsky, Vintage eBooks, 1993.

Translator(s) as the author(s)

Pevear, Richard, and Larissa Volokhonsky, translators. Crime and Punishment. By

Feodor Dostoevsky, Vintage eBooks, 1993.

Sullivan, Alan, and Timothy Murphy, translators. Beowulf. Edited by Sarah Anderson, Pearson, 2004.

Film or Television series

Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Created by Joss Whedon, performance by Sarah Michelle Gellar, Mutant Enemy, 1997-2003.

An episode in a television series

“Hush.” Buffy the Vampire Slayer, created by Joss Whedon, performance by Sarah Michelle Gellar, season 4, episode 10, Mutant Enemy, 1999.

Web sources

While citing a source accessed via web, the website has to be italicized and the article / short story / poem / song placed within double quotation marks. The url has to be pasted below.

Hollmichel, Stefanie. “The Reading Brain: Differences between Digital and Print.” So Many Books, 25 Apr. 2013,

Beyoncé. “Pretty Hurts.” Beyoncé, Parkwood Entertainment, 2013, media_view=songs.

Article in an online database of journals and books

Goldman, Anne. “Questions of Transport: Reading Primo Levi Reading Dante.” The Georgia Review, vol. 64, no. 1, 2010, pp. 69-88. JSTOR,

An e-book

Gikandi, Simon. Ngugi wa Thiong’o. Cambridge UP, 2000. ACLS Humanities E-book,

Poe, Edgar Allan. “The Masque of the Red Death.” The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe, edited by James A. Harrison, vol. 4, Thomas Y. Crowell, 1902, pp. 250- 58. HathiTrust Digital Library, id=coo.31924079574368;view=1up;seq=266


Clancy, Kate. “Defensive Scholarly Writing and Science Communication.” Context and Variation, Scientific American Blogs, 24 Apr. 2013,

Include a shortened title for the work you are referencing

A work in an anthology or collection

General Instructions to authors

The articles must be submitted in Microsoft Word format, approximately 35,000 characters (spaces included).

Font – Times New Roman 12, line spacing 1.15

Use British spelling (unless you are quoting from a primary source or text which uses American spelling).

Bibliographic references in parentheses (Name, date: 00). Details of reference to be added to the bibliography at the end of the article.

The start of a new paragraph is indicated by a simple line break.

No paragraphs, tab stops, headers, footers, page numbering, bold characters, or underscores.

Do not cut the words at the end of the line.

Never embed hyperlinks in the text.

Each contribution keeps its own bibliography.

Each contribution containing graphic elements must be accompanied by a directory containing these same elements in isolation.

Each contribution or article must include the metadata indicated below.

Metadata at the beginning of the text

Each contribution begins with the following metadata: Title, Subtitle (if applicable), the authors with their respective parentage, a short summary and keywords presented strictly as follows:


Subtitle (if applicable)

First and last name of the author

Parentage of the author

Summary: (800 to 1000 characters including spaces, i.e., ± 100 words)

Keywords in English: 5 to 10

Presentation of the author (800 to 1000 characters including spaces, or ± 100 words)


Notes must be footnotes. Use the automatic function offered by word processing software (Word). Footnotes in chapter titles or in the main title are to be avoided. They should be reserved for marginal discussions.

Abbreviations and acronyms: The first in-text citation must include both the full corporate name and the acronym, and thereafter the acronym will suffice. Write these without full stops. (e.g., EDF, RATP, SNCF, UNESCO)

Cardinal points: north, south, etc. are capitalized only if used as part of a recognized place name e.g., West Bengal, South Africa; use lower case for general terms e.g., western France, south-west of Berlin.

Centuries: Centuries should be spelled out and downcased. e.g., the twentieth century, nineteenth century, etc.

Numbers: Numerals should be used for numbers 10 and above, but numbers nine and below should be spelled out. A number that begins a sentence should be spelled and should not be noted as a numeral, even if the number is below 10.

Foreign language words: Words and sentences in a foreign language are to be given in italics. Latin adverbial phrases should be given in italics (e.g., a priori; ibid.; Op. Cit.; Ad hoc; cf.; sq.; Et al.; Passim…).


Short quotations: Any quotation of less than three lines is written within the text, between single quotation marks (double quotation marks are to be used within these).

Long quotes: If the quote exceeds three lines, it is highlighted by creating a new paragraph with a paragraph indent, with or without quotes.


Formats: jpg for photos and eps for illustrations containing text or lines (graphics, diagrams or drawings).

Resolution: 300 dpi for a maximum width of 12 cm and a minimum height of 10 cm.

Under each image must appear its caption, written as follows:

Figure 1 – Image caption text.

The image files will be named according to the order of their appearance in the text, using the following nomenclature: img1.jpg, img2.eps, img3.jpg …


Due to the fact that the online consultation of the works can be done article by article, it is important that each contribution keeps its own bibliography.

Please note: the first name must be written in full. The date is placed at the end for the works, it is to be placed immediately after the names in brackets for the articles in a collective work or a journal.


“Scientific editor (s)” or “under the direction of”: dir.

Reference of a book:

Last name1, first name1; Last name2, First name2, Full title and subtitle of the work, volume number (or any information relating to the author of the preface, the translator, the number of editions), publisher, coll. “Collection name”, country of publication, year of publication.


Baudelle, Guy; Régnauld, Hervé, Scales and temporalities in geography, SEDES, Coll. “Etudes”, Paris, 2004.

Collective works:

Last name1, first name1; Last name 2, first name 2 (dir.) (Year of publication), Full title and subtitle of the work, volume number (or any information relating to the number of editions), publisher, coll. “Collection name”, country of publication, DOI.


Brandt, Pierre-Yves; Jesus, Paulo; Roman, Pascal (dir.) (2017), Self-story and narrativity in the construction of religious identity, editions of contemporary archives, France, DOI: 10.17184 / eac.001

Article references:

In the case of an article published in a collective work:

Last name1, First name1; Last name 2, First name 2 (year of publication), “Full title and subtitle of the article”, in Last name1, First name1; Name 2, first name 2 (dir.) Title of the work, publisher, coll. “Name of the collection”, country of publication, pp. XX-XX (article pagination range). DOI


Dunan-Page, Anne (2017) “Collective narratives and the construction of dissident identity in 17th-century England. Century”, in Brandt, Pierre-Yves; Jesus, Paulo; Roman, Pascal (dir.), Self-story and narrativity in the construction of religious identity, editions des archives contemporaines, France, pp. 97-114. DOI: 10.17184 / eac.001

In the case of an article published in a scientific journal:

Last name1, First name1; Last name 2, First name 2 (year of publication), “Full title and subtitle of the article”, Title of the Scientific Review, Vol, No, publisher, country of publication, pp. XX-XX (article pagination range). DOI


Gilon, Christiane; Garnier, Pascale (2017) “Toilets at school: an object of conflict in coeducation”, Revue Éducation, Santé, Sociétés, Vol. 3, No 1, editions of contemporary archives, France, pp. 105-117. DOI:  10.17184 / eac.001

Note: the preposition “in” is not used to introduce the journal title.


University of Paris (1998), title of the home page, “possibly, name of the article”: full address of the site (consulted on XX / XX / XXXX). DOI:  XX.XXXX / XXXX

NEVER embed a hyperlink in the file: never place the link’s html tags (on Word: right click> “Remove hyperlink” [PC] /> “Edit hyperlink”> “Remove hyperlink “[Mac]). DOI

10.17184 / eac.001

NB: make sure to leave a blank line between each bibliographic reference.

  • All submissions are to be in the electronic mode.
  • Manuscripts for review have to be submitted in the Word document format.

Submissions in the PDF format will not be accepted for review.

Physical Address

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